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UCBL & Force Systems

The University of California Biomechanics Lab orthosis, better known as a UCBL orthosis has been commonly used to treat many disorders resulting from low tone. As of late I have been hearing much debate over the three point force systems at play. Many of these arguments have been correct because several three point force systems can be used depending on the motions that require control. This post will go over three types of force systems, all of which will have an inverse systems that can be used when control of the opposite motion is needed.  Continue reading…..

Range of Motion

Measurement Review:

The goniometer will be the tool you will be required to use if asked to measure a patient’s ROM. So lets make sure you understand how to properly use the device before we begin. The goniometer is made up of
an axis (the hinge), a stable arm, and the mobilizing arm. Continue reading…..

Manual Muscle Testing

Please do not over think this section. Know how to test everything but especially with gravity presented. Do not over study this material like I did. This section is kept very brief. If you are desiring a detailed over view please utilize your text books. It is wise to go through all of these test with a partner a couple of times along with the above ROM. Continue reading…..

Common Spinal Measurements

There are several spinal measurement forms available on the internet. They all might very slightly but they all consist of three types of measurements: lengths, M/Ls’, and circumferences. I would highly suggest that you memorize these as you may or may not be provided with a spinal orthometry form during the examination. It’s also very helpful to develop a pattern as how you will measure. Continue reading…..

Treatment of Humeral Fractures

Most commonly seen in the hospital setting humeral Fx are not the funnest thing to treat but they are rather simple. The below describes the proper treatment methods. Continue reading…..

Gait Deviation Analysis

There are several great videos online regarding gait deviations. I would highly recommend watching these videos until you are able to recognize the slightest gait deviation. Below are several common deviations that should be well known and understood by any practitioner. Continue reading…..

2 Strategies That Lead Me To Success!


We all know that studying for an exam can be stressful.

Not to mention a board exam that you have to pay for! We all go through the same routine of working all day, running errands, and then studying. Continue reading…..